FragranceNet.com

TOP

“剪的断,理不乱”的关系代词
2016-05-24 16:14:50 来源:沪江英语 浏览:2430 评论:0

之前,小编已经与大家一起学习了that, which, who, whom, whose, of which等关系代词的用法,但是它们之间,在用法上既有重合,又有冲突。恐怕不少人早已迷失在这些“剪不断理还乱”的关系代词中了。今天小编重点为大家梳理一下which/ that/ who用法的区别~~~
 
which VS that
 
which和that都可指代物,有时候可以互换,有时却是“水火不容”:
 
一、只用that不能用which的情况: 
 
(1)先行词被序数词或形容词最高级所修饰,或本身是序数词、基数词、形容词最高级时:
 
  The most important thing that we should do is to study hard.
   我们要做的最重要的事情就是努力学习。
 
(2)被修饰的先行词为all/ any/ much/ many/ everything/ anything/ none/the one等不定代词时:
 
  Is there any thing that you want to buy?你有什么东西要买吗?
 
(3)先行词被the only/ the very/ the same/the last/ little/ few等词修饰时:
 
  This is the same book that I lost.这就是我丢的那本书。
 
(3)先行词里同时含有人和物时:
 
  I can remember the persons and some pictures that I saw in the room.
 
  我能清楚记得我在那个房间所见到的人和一些照片。
 
(4)避免重复:
 
  Which is the pen that belongs to you?哪支笔是你的?
 
(5)主句是there be结构:
 
  There is a pen on the desk that belongs to Tom.桌子上那支笔是汤姆的。
 
二、只用which,而不用that的情况:
 
(1)先行词为that/ those时:
 
What’s that which is under the desk?在桌子底下的那些东西是什么?
 
(2)关系代词前有介词时:
 
This is the city in which he lives.这是他生活的城市。
 
(3)引导非限制性定语从句:
 
Tom passed the exam, which made us surprised.汤姆通过了考试,这使我们很惊讶。
 
 
 
that VS who
 
两者均可指人,有时可互换:
 
All that /who heard the news were sad. 所有听到消息的人都很伤心。
 
He is the only one among us that/ who knows Spanish.他是我们中间唯一懂西班牙语的人。
 
一、只用that不能用who的情况:
 
(1)当先行词指人又指物时:
 
I remember the persons and pictures that I saw in the museum. 我记得在博物馆看到的那些人和图片。
 
(2)避免重复::
 
Who was it that won the World Cup in 1982? 谁赢得了1982年的世界杯?
 
(3)当关系代词在定语从句中作表语时(可省略):
 
Jack is not the boy (that) he was ten years ago.杰克不再是十年前那个样子了。
 
二、只用who不能用that的情况:
(1)先行词为one、ones或anyone :
 
Anyone who breaks the law should be punished.  所有违法的人都该受到惩罚。
 
(2)先行词为those且指人 :
 
Those who break the law will be punished. 违法的那些人都会受到惩罚。
 
(3)在there be开头的句子中:
    There is a student who wants to see you. 
 
(4)避免重复:
    Who is the boy that is writing?正在写字的那个男孩是谁?  
 
(5)在非限制性定语从句中:  
     I have a good friend, who comes from the USA.  
您看到本文的感受是:
责任编辑:Eva打印】 【评论】 【返回顶部
分享到:

评论

相关栏目

最新文章

图片主题

热门文章

广告